03.09.2012 AUSTIN HEALEY 3000 1959

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Austin-Healey 3000
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Manufacturer Austin-Healey
Production 1959–1967 - 42,926
Assembly Abingdon, England
Predecessor Austin-Healey 100-6
Class Sports car
Body style 2-door roadster

Engine 2,912 cc (2.9 L) C-Series I6
Wheelbase 92 in (2,337 mm)[1]
Length 157 in (3,988 mm)[1]
Width 60 in (1,524 mm)[1]
Height 46 in (1,168 mm) (Hood down)
49.5 in (1,257 mm) (hard top)[1]
Curb weight 2,550 lb (1,157 kg)

The Austin-Healey 3000 is a British sports car built from 1959 to 1967, and is the best known of the "big" Healey models. The car's bodywork was made by Jensen Motors, and the vehicles were assembled at the BMC Abingdon works.

The 3000 was a successful car which won its class in many European rallies in its heyday, and is still used in competition by enthusiasts today.


History

The Austin-Healey 3000 was introduced in 1959, replacing the Austin-Healey 100-6. Despite the name change, the changes were relatively minor compared to those between the original 100 and the 100-6. The wheelbase and body remained unchanged, and there remained two models, a 2+2 and a two-seater.

Mark I

The original Austin Healey 3000 has a 2912 cc I6 engine, with twin SU carburetors and Girling front disc brakes. It was only referred to as the Mark I after the Mark II was released, previously only being known as the 3000. Wire wheels, overdrive gearbox, a laminated windscreen, a heater, an adjustable steering column, a detachable hard top and two tone paint were all available as options.

The original 3000 was built from March 1959 to March 1961 and has model designation BT7 Mark I (4-seat version) and BN7 Mark I (2-seater).

13,650 were made (2,825 BN7 Mark I, and 10,825 BT7 Mark I).[2]

A BT7 3000 with hardtop and overdrive tested by The Motor magazine in 1960 had a top speed of 115 mph (185 km/h) and could accelerate from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) in 11.7 seconds. A fuel consumption of 21.6 miles per imperial gallon (13.1 L/100 km; 18.0 mpg-US) was recorded. The test car cost £1326 including taxes.[1]


Mark II

Introduced in March 1961, the 3000 Mark II came with three SU HS4 carburettors and an improved camshaft, designated the BT7 Mark II (4-seat version) and BN7 Mark II (2-seat version). However, upon the introduction of the BJ7 (2+2 seats) model in January 1962, the number of carburettors was reduced to two, (SU type HS6) because of the problems experienced with balancing three carburettors. As a result of the introduction of the BJ7, the BN7 Mark II was discontinued in March 1962, and the BT7 Mark II followed in June 1962. Externally, the main changes introduced with the BJ7 were a vertical barred front grille, wind-up windows rather than side curtains, an improved hood, and a wrap-around windscreen. Optional extras were similar to the Mark I, although the option of a factory hardtop was not available from the BJ7's introduction. From August 1961 a brake servo was also available as an optional extra, which greatly improved braking performance. The BJ7 was discontinued in October 1963 with the introduction of the 3000 Mark III.

A 3000 Mark II BT7 with hardtop and overdrive tested by the British magazine The Motor in 1961 had a top speed of 112.9 mph (181.7 km/h) and could accelerate from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) in 10.9 seconds. A fuel consumption of 23.5 miles per imperial gallon (12.0 L/100 km; 19.6 mpg-US) was recorded. The test car cost £1362 including taxes.[3]

11,564 were made (355 BN7 Mark II, 5,096 BT7 Mark II, and 6,113 BJ7).[2]


Mark III

The 3000 Mark III was launched in October 1963, and remained in production until the end of 1967 when production of Austin-Healeys ceased. (One further car was built in March 1968.) Classified as the BJ8, the new model was the most powerful and luxurious of the big Healeys, with a walnut-veneer dash, wind-up windows, and a 150 hp (112 kW) engine. Improvements to the engine included a new camshaft and valve springs, and twin SU 2" HD8 carburetors, together with a new design of exhaust system. Servo-assisted brakes were now fitted as standard. Only 2+2 seat versions were made. Option extras were similar to those offered for the Mark II, the main change being that the standard interior trim was now Ambla vinyl, with leather seats being added to the list of options.

In May 1964 the Phase II version of the Mark III was released, which had a modified rear chassis to allow rear ground clearance to be increased, and subsequently, in March 1965 the car also gained separate indicators.

17,712 were made.[2]


Competition

Austin Healey 3000's have a long competition history, and raced at most major racing circuits around the world, including Sebring (USA), Le Mans (France), and Mount Panorama Circuit, Bathurst (Australia). The BMC competitions department successfully rallied the 3000 from its introduction, but the development of the works cars effectively ended in 1965, mainly because of the success of the Mini Cooper 'S'.




Austin-Healey
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Austin-Healey was a British sports car maker. The marque was established through a joint-venture arrangement, set up in 1952 between Leonard Lord of the Austin division of the British Motor Corporation (BMC) and the Donald Healey Motor Company, a renowned automotive engineering and design firm.

Austin-Healey cars were produced until 1972 when the 20-year agreement between Healey and Austin came to an end. Donald Healey left the company in 1968 when British Motor Holdings (BMC had merged with Jaguar Cars in 1966 to form BMH) was merged into British Leyland. Healey joined Jensen Motors who had been making bodies for the "big Healeys" since their inception in 1952, and became their chairman in 1972.

Models built

Austin-Healey 100

1953–1955 BN1 Austin-Healey 100
1955 Austin-Healey 100S (Limited production—50 race-prepared cars)
1955–1956 BN2 Austin-Healey 100 and 100M


Austin-Healey 100-6

1956–1957 BN4 Austin-Healey 100-6 (2+2 roadster)
1957–1959 BN4 Austin-Healey 100-6 Change to 1 3⁄4-inch SU Carbs (2+2 roadster)
1958–1959 BN6 Austin-Healey 100-6 6-Cylinder (2-seater roadster)


Austin-Healey 3000

1959–1961 BN7 Mark I (2-seater roadster), BT7 Mark I (2+2 roadster)
1961–1962 BN7 Mark II (2-seater roadster), BT7 Mark II (2+2), BJ7 Mark II (2-seater roadster)
1962–1964 BJ7 Mark II (convertible)
1964–1967 BJ8 Mark III (convertible)


Austin-Healey Sprite

-1958–1960 AN5 Mark I (US: "Bugeye"; UK: "Frogeye")
-After the Bugeye, the AH Sprite was a badge engineered twin to the MG Midget (hence the term "Spridget"). The MG was aimed slightly upmarket, and as there was no bugeye midget, the "mark" numbers are offset by 1; for example, except for the badges and price a fully optioned Mk II Sprite was identical to a base level Mk I Midget.
-1961–1964 AN6–AN7 Mark II
-1964–1966 AN8 Mark III (roll-up windows)
-1966–1969 AN9 Mark IV
-1969–1971 AN10 Mark V (UK only)


Concept Cars

Austin-Healey Project Tempest (2005)


Racing

The Austin Healey was extensively raced by the Donald Healey Motor Company in Europe at Le Mans and in Sebring in the U.S., in classic rallies by the BMC competitions department, and was recognized from the very beginning by the Sports Car Club of America (SCCA). Healey models raced in club racing in D, E, and F production classes, winning National Championships in both D and E Production.

In 1953, a special streamlined Austin-Healey set several land speed records at the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, USA.


Successors

The name Austin is now owned by Nanjing who bought the assets of MG Rover Group (British Leyland's successor company) out of bankruptcy in 2005. After Donald Healey sold his original business, Donald Healey Motor Company, the Healey brand was registered to a new firm, Healey Automobile Consultants, which the Healey family sold to HFI Automotive in 2005.

In June 2007, Nanjing and Healey Automobile Consultants / HFI Automotive signed a collaborative agreement that aims to recreate the Austin Healey and Healey marquees alongside NAC's MG. No timeline has been given as to when the Healey and Austin-Healey brands will return, although MG will be back on the market in China and the UK by the year's end.
 
 
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